Rajendra Chola-I (1012-1044 A.D)
son of the Great Rajaraja-I, established this
temple after his great victorious march to river
Ganges on Northern India. He was originally
called Madurantakan. He assumed the title of
Rajendra during his coronation and continued to
rule along with his father Rajaraja-I for a
while. He achieved the supreme title of Cholas
Rajendra-I, a great warrior assisted his father
in numerous expeditions to elevate the Cholas to
He assumed the title of Gangaikonda Cholan and
named his new capital as Gangaikondacholapuram
for administrative and strategic purpose.
The Gangaikondacholapuram temple, he constructed
consists of 3 stories and surrounded by a huge
fort like wall. The outer wall was greatly
destructed during the English rule (1896 A.D)
and he reused the building material (Granite
rocks) for constructing the Lower Anicut (Dam
across river Kollidam).
A statue of Rajendra-I is found in Kolaram
temple at Kolar of Karnataka state in India.
Contact : 0431-223649 96264 43399.
The original name of this place was Nellimaragramam as
the sacred tree in the local Siva Temple is country
gooseberry tree (Nellimaram). The present name is said to
have been given by Rajendra Chola before he shifted his
capital to Gangaikondacholapuram. Jayankondam is 10 kms from
Tourist Information Centre, TTDC & Sales Counter ,Contonement, Trichy - 620 001 .Ph : 0431-2460136
Sri Kaliuga Varatharaja Perumaal Temple :
It is 5 km away from Ariyalur. This temple is famous for
its “Car festival” in March/April. The people of Ariyalur
celebrate the festival grandly. The car festival is a 10-day
celebration for the small town of Ariyalur. The festival
starts with the day of “Srinavame” in the month of Chithirai
or Panguni (March-April). The grand event of Eganthem Sevai
for Varatharajapermual is on 10th day of festival. The
festival attracts people from all over the state of Tamil
Nadu. The temple is also famous for the Puraittasi
Saturdays. Every year in the month of ‘Puraittasi’
(September), special Pujas, ‘Arathanai’, ‘Abishekams’, etc
are done on the four Saturdays. This also is a major
attraction of the Kaliyaperumal temple. Ph : 04239-228890.
The local mythological tale tells that Lord Nataraja
danced in this place with a stag in his hand. So the place
is Thirumanur. It is said that Raja Raja Chola left the
20-feet high statue here on his way from perambalur to
Situated on the banks of Kollidam is, a picturesque
village. Legendary anecdotes say that Lord Nataraja promised
to give another cosmic dance at Dhalavanam, the original
name of this place on full moon day in the Tamil-month of
Vaikasi for the benefit of the sage Markandeya who reached
Chidambaram late to witness the Adi-Thandavam.
Cement City :
Ariyalur is famous for its cement industries in and
around it. This is possible due to its immense limestone
store which is the potential raw material for cement
industries. In particular the Arasu cements, the Birla
cements, the Sakthi cements, the Dalmia cements, the Ramco
cements, etc. are situated in Ariyalur. So Ariyalur is one
of the busiest transport cities.
ADAIKALA MADHA SHRINE - ELAKURICHI
To the North of the village of Elakurichy at the
distance of about half a km stands the beautiful Shrine
Church of Our Lady of Refuge among some scattered trees
the remnant of once thick grove. 65 Kms. from Perambalur.
80 Kms from Trichy. 375 Kms. from Chennai.
Elakurichi is famous for its ancient church built by the
famous Catholic Missionary Constructive Joseph Beschi
popularly known as ‘Veeramamunivar’ on the year of 1711.
The new Shrine Church was built in 1984, which has at
the interior the altar of Our Lady which probably belongs to
19th century. Tamilnadu Govt. has announced it as a tourist
spot in the year 2001.
Then onwards Elakurichy was called Thirukkavalur, a
place of Holy protection and was known far and wide
among the people of Ariyalur and Thanjavur Kingdoms and
they gathered in great numbers for the annual feast.
Even now people throng every year during the festival
days shedding their difference of creed or caste to obtain
favours from Adaikala Matha.
Mass & Devotional Timings : Second Sunday after
Easter (flag hoisting) Third Sunday after Easter.(Annual
Located in Thirukkavalur, (via) Thirumanur, Elakurichi -
621715. Ph : 04329-246222
Fr. Constantine Beschi (Veeramamunivar)
The mission-center of Elakurichy attained its name and
fame with the arrival of Fr.Constantine Beschi, an
Italian Jesuit who became a renowed Tamil Scholar of his
time. He administered the Mission for the span of 13
years from 1726-1739. In the years of 1728-29 a severe
famine was ravaging the Thanjavur Kingdom. Many of the
Catholics were crossing over to the Lutheran fold who
offered them a good sum of money for abandoning their
Catholic faith. It was during this distressing period
that Fr.Beschi had a special recourse to Our Lady and
begged her to protect the Catholics from falling into
the Lutheran-fold. And Our Lady granted him the favour.
Many of the Catholics who had gone to the other fold
came back. Fr.Beschi instituted a feast in honour of Our
Lady with the permission of the Bishop of Mylapore. The
first thanksgiving feast was celebrated in 1729 with
great pomp. And he began to call Our Lady Adaikala Matha
(Our Lady of Refuge) and that too with the permission of
the Bishop of Mylapore. He even got a special written
approval from the Pope to celebrate the feast every year
on 3rd week of Easter.
Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary
35 kms to the north of Thanjavur in Ariyalur District.
The total area of the sanctuary is 454 ha. This
sanctuary is significant in the sense that it has been
attracting the largest congregation of water birds after
Pt. Calimere Sanctuary in Tamilnadu.
The peak congregation takes place in the month of
November when over 2.5 lakhs birds arrive in this
About 50 species of resident and migratory water birds
visit this seasonal lake. Important visitors include the
highflying Barheaded Goose, Rosy and Grey Pelican,
Whitenecked stork, Spoonbill, Ibis, Shoveller, etc.
Another important aspect of this sanctuary is the
presence of water till the month of May as other water
bodies dry up by the month of March, this sanctuary
offers home to the water birds till May end.
Wildlife viewing : The ideal time to visit the
sanctuary is in November and February. The sanctuary is
open visitors throughout the year.
Entry Fee : The sanctuary is free for all visitors.
Accommodation is available in Tamilnadu Guest House and
private hotels in Thanjavur.