TamilNadu Film Industry

Tamil Nadu is also home to the Tamil film industry, the second largest film industry in India after Bollywood (Hindi films). It is based in Chennai and is a conflation of Hollywood and Kodambakkam, the section of Chennai that houses cinema-related facilities. ‘Kollywood’ is the name of the popular Tamil film Industry cinema based in Chennai.

The name is the portmanteau of Kodambakkam, where Kollywood films were largely produced. Presently, there is a film city at Tharamani, Chennai where production takes place. Tamil language movies are also filmed in Sri Lanka.

Silent movies were produced in Kollywood since 1916 and the era of talkies dawned in 1931. By the end of the 1930s, the industry was booming to the extent that the State of Madras legislature passed the pioneering Entertainment Tax Act 1939 with little opposition.

Early Movie Studios :

During the 1920s, silent Tamil-language movies were shot at makeshift locations in and around Chennai, and for technical processing, they were sent to Pune or Calcutta. Later some movies featuring MKT were shot in Pune and Calcutta. In the 1930s AVM set up its makeshift studio in the town of Karaikudi, and during the same decade, full-fledged movie studios were built in Salem (Modern Theatres Studio) and Coimbatore (Central Studios, Neptune, and Pakshiraja). By the mid 1940s, Chennai became the hub of studio activity with two more movie studios built in Chennai, Vijaya Vauhini Studios and Gemini Studios. Later, AVM Studios shifted its operations to Chennai. Thus, with the undivided Madras Presidency being the Capital to most of South India, Chennai became the center for Tamil- and notable Telugu-language movies. Also, most of the pre-independence era drama and stage actors joined the movie industry from the 1940s, and Chennai became the hub for South Indian-Language Cinema.

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